Caste-System in India: Cruel and Cunning Division of Society.
India’s caste system is the world’s oldest form of surviving social divisions.
It divides society into hierarchical groups and places restrictions on marriage, culture, rituals etc.
As per the system; Varna is the broader division and Jathi is sub-division.
Varna divides people into Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas (warrior), Vaishyas (trader) and the Shudras (farmers, artisans); Dalits “untouchables” were neglected.
The Vedic texts neither mention the concept of purity nor impose restrictions on food and marriage culture etc.
The division was essentially based on one’s Karma (deeds) and Guna (character), not by birth.
Only the post-Vedic books like Manusmriti separated Hindus by birth and put forth concepts of hierarchy.
In Gupta dynasty (100CE), population mixing stopped (Endogamy), and untouchability emerged.
British made Castes a part of qualification for the administrative jobs to strengthen the idea.
Dalits were not even allowed to wear slippers or walk the same road or even fully cover themselves.
After various protests communities that were inhumanly discriminated were given quotas (ST, SC) to uplift them.
Caste is still a big part of the culture and inter-caste couples are even killed to maintain “purity” calling it Honor-Killing.
Caste-system is a birth-based cruel practice of division; is not and never was divine.