MGNREGA ​​ is the largest Social Security and Public-works program in the world.​

Starting from 200 districts in 2006, the MNREGA covered all the districts of India from 1 April 2008.

Initially named as National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, it was later changed to Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.

​​Its objective is to​ ​​provide at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.

​Its objective is to provide at least 100 days of paid employment to a rural adult in​ ​every household.

It is completely implemented by Gram Panchayaths​ ​and no contractors are used.

​​Every applicant who volunteers for the program should be given a job within 5 kilometers of his house.

​​The applicant will work on creating durable assets such as roads, canals, ponds etc.,

If work is not provided within 15 days of applying then he/she is entitled to an unemployment allowance.

Corruption and politics have dimmed its magnificence with only 28% of the payments being made on time in 2014-15.

But it’s largely a success story, that has raised minimal wages, started 12 crore jobs and completed 14.6 million projects.

​​Apart from providing economic security,it has help in protecting the environment and empowering women, reducing rural-urban migration and fostering social equality.

World Bank called MGNREGA a Stellar example of rural development.

MGNREGA : Stellar example of rural development

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