MGNREGA is the largest Social Security and Public-works program in the world.
Starting from 200 districts in 2006, the MNREGA covered all the districts of India from 1 April 2008.
Initially named as National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, it was later changed to Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.
Its objective is to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
Its objective is to provide at least 100 days of paid employment to a rural adult in every household.
It is completely implemented by Gram Panchayaths and no contractors are used.
Every applicant who volunteers for the program should be given a job within 5 kilometers of his house.
The applicant will work on creating durable assets such as roads, canals, ponds etc.,
If work is not provided within 15 days of applying then he/she is entitled to an unemployment allowance.
Corruption and politics have dimmed its magnificence with only 28% of the payments being made on time in 2014-15.
But it’s largely a success story, that has raised minimal wages, started 12 crore jobs and completed 14.6 million projects.
Apart from providing economic security,it has help in protecting the environment and empowering women, reducing rural-urban migration and fostering social equality.
World Bank called MGNREGA a Stellar example of rural development.