There are 1,528 cases of fake encounter recorded in Manipur.
Manipur was merged in India on 15 October 1949 after succession treaty with Maharaja Budhachandra.
But it led to the formation of a number of insurgent organizations demanding an independent state.
The first one United National Liberation Front (UNLF) was founded on 24 November 1964.
Manipur became a new state of India on 21 January 1972, but the insurgency continued.
Between 1977 and 1980, the (PLA), (PREPAK) and the (KCP), got formed joining the war.
People’s Liberation Army of Manipur (PLA)
People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK)
Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP)
On 8 September 1980, Manipur was declared an area of disturbance.
And Indian government imposed the (AFSPA) Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, on the region; it still continues.
With AFASPA there came the cases of fake encounters, disappearance, tortures, rapes etc.
Various forms of protests broke out.
Irom Sharmila an activist is on hunger strike since 2 November 2000.
Supreme Court recently said the army cannot use “excessive and retaliatory force” in Manipur.
Is AFSPA obsolete and too violent to be continued in Manipur?